What to see in Cortona village in Arezzo Chianti Tuscany
dal 24.05.2019 17:13
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Cortona arezzo charming areal view.jpg

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  • Cortona by night Migliarina charming Tuscany.jpg
  • Cortona by night Migliarina.jpg
  • cortona town charming city tuscany Townhall.jpg

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Cortona is a small charming town in the Valdichiana, or Chiana Valley, in the province of Arezzo in southern Tuscany. The city, enclosed by stone walls dating back to Etruscan and Roman times, sits on the top of a hill about 600 meters (about 1968 feet) above sea level. This dominant position over the valley offers a spectacular view from all over the town of the surrounding valley and even Lake Trasimeno.
The city is small but offers many interesting places to visit, among these the Diocesan Museum (where you can admire a beautiful panel painting of the Annunciation by Beato Angelico) and the MAEC (The Etruscan Academy Museum of the City of Cortona), where it is possible to see many artifacts found in the Eruscan archeological sites in the area. You can also request additional information about the Archeological Park at the museum.

The Historical center

Piazza della Repubblica: Cortona, built on the slopes of the hill and still surrounded by well-preserved walls, lies the Piazza della Repúbblica, on the east side of which is the Palazzo del Popolo (14th century, rebuilt 1514 onwards).
Palazzo Comunale: The west side of the square is dominated by the imposing Palazzo Comunale, which was already in existence in 1241; it was rebuilt in 1275, enlarged in the 16th century and rather clumsily restored in 1896. The front of the palazzo is given its characteristic aspect by the battlemented clock-tower (1509) and the flight of steps (also 16th century) leading up to it.
Praetorian Palace: To the northwest of the Town Hall in Cortona is the Piazza Signorelli, with the Palazzo Pretorio, the facade of which bears the coats of arms of former podestàs; it now houses the Accademia Etrusca (founded 1726) and the Museum of Etruscan Antiquities (Etruscan bronze candelabrum; fifth century B.C.).
Piazza Garibaldi: From this square where at is center is collocate the obelisk dedicated to Giuseppe Garibaldi, is possible to get a wide view of the Val di Chiana to Lake Trasimeno and Montepulciano. Stop here to enjoy this breathtaking panorama.

ITINERARY OF THE HISTORICAL CENTER
The itinerary will take you through the many palaces, churches and monuments that are to be found in this ancient walled town.

MAEC MUSEUM Museum of the Etruscan civilization
Cortona’s civic museum at Piazza Signorelli offers a fascinating and eclectic collection that goes beyond the Etruscan limits suggested by its name. The Accademia, a historical institute founded in 1727, numbered Voltaire among its early members. The museum MAEC occupies one of the town’s more impressive medieval palaces, the 13th-century Palazzo Casali (or Palazzo Pretorio), former home to Cortona’s leading medieval family.

Diocesan Museum
The museum is a rather gloomy former church whose interior is enlivened by a small but prestigious collection of Renaissance paintings. Perversely, however, it opens with a 2nd-century Roman sarcophagus, whose carved centaurs and battle scenes were apparently much admired by Donatello and Brunelleschi. 

The Monastery of Saint Francis “Le Celle”
The Monastery of Celle is a sacred building located in a village “Le Celle”, 10 minutes from Cortona. The monastery of Celle of Cortona, built at the turn of a narrow valley, is very suggestive for the spirituality of the place: from here you can also enjoy a splendid view over the Valdichiana (Chiana Valley). 

Fortress of Girifalco & church of Santa Margherita
THE FORTRESS
Probable Etruscan origins was a post used by the Goths first and later by the Lombards at the time of the Barbarian invasions. Yet, news about it dates to 1258, only, thanks to an act of conveyance of the complex bought by Arezzo.In the years, it underwent numerous alterations and restructuring that started in 1266 and continued in the XVI century as established by the Casali who were the lords of Cortona for all the XIV century. The Sienese carried out a further reinforcement work when they were allied with the inhabitants of Cortona in the battle against Arezzo and the local Guelfs. Yet, the Florentines, who owned the fortress since 1411, performed the most important structure that gave the fortalice its current architectural appearance.
In the XV century, the central body of the fortress was carried out and also Cosimo I de’ Medici worked on it at the half of the XVI century. After a long inspection on all the fortresses that had recently come into the possession of Florence, the Grand Duke was astonished by the peculiar position of the Cortona’s stronghold. Thus, he decided to transform it into one of the most imposing bulwarks of the Medicean power in the territory of Arezzo. Even if Florentine money financed this work, started in 1556, the local population strongly contributed to it since they were submitted to heavy taxation.
THE CHURCH
The shrine is dedicated to the figure of Santa Margherita, patron of Cortona and Franciscan tertiary, and subsequent cultural and spiritual activities of the Observant Franciscans. On the death of the saint (February 22, 1297) it was decided to build a church in her honor, next to the ancient church of St. Basil that Margaret herself had restored after it is chosen as the place of penance and prayer. In 1304 the sacred building was already built, but it continued to embellish it with important frescoes throughout the fourteenth century. 

Etruscan tombs
The Archaeological park of Sodo is located at the bottom of the hill of Cortona about 4 km. Situated on the right bank of the Rio Loreto, the Melone tumulus consists in an artificial mound and is an example of archaic Etruscan funerary architecture. 

Church of Santa Maria delle grazie
This outstanding 15th-century Renaissance church is located on the winding approach road to Cortona (2 miles from Porta Sant’Agostino). It was built on the site of a tannery (known as a calcinaio after the lime used in the tanning process) to house an image of the Virgin that had miraculously appeared on the tannery walls. 

Church of Santa Maria Nuova
The church of Santa Maria Nuova is located just outside of the walls of the town of Cortona. The church was built to house a miraculous image of the virgin that previously had been in a private chapel. 


Villa Bramasole
An American writer buy and restructures a villa in the Tuscany above Cortona town in Tuscany, and there began to spend summers. 

Tanella of Pitagora
Descending the hill of Cortona among the olive groves a rare beauty you can visit, the Tanella of Pythagoras a famous monument known to travelers since 1500, the Tanella is a small mound of the Hellenistic period (II if BC.) 

We suggest to visit Cortona from Spring to Autumn when Cortona wakes from the hibernation. Between May and June it has the highest flow of tourists, when in July and August the flow is little more calm to turn intence again in Autumn till the end of October.

SELECTED WEBSITE ABOUT TRAVELLING IN CORTONA TOWN

https://www.cortonamia.com/en/10-attractions/

https://www.planetware.com/tourist-attractions-/cortona-i-to-ct.htm

https://www.discovertuscany.com/cortona/
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